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All About the Declaration

Commemorative Coins, Flag and a Quill
Event Date: 
Event Type: 
Rural Rebellion 1773-1775

Talk of freedom from British rule was prevalent in Mecklenburg County in the spring of 1775. A committee of citizens drew up a document known as the Mecklenburg Resolves on May 31, 1775. They reorganized their local government and declared themselves "independent of the Crown of Great Britain." This document was published in the North Carolina Gazette in New Bern on June 16, 1775. It has great historical importance but has never drawn the interest and curiosity of historians, politicians and citizens as much as an alleged previously written document known as the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence.
Controversy has existed for decades about the possibility of a "declaration of independence," often referred to as the "Meck Dec," which was reportedly written eleven days prior to the Mecklenburg Resolves. Was the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence written on May 20, 1775, more than a year before our founding fathers met in Philadelphia and signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4th, 1776?

View and listen to a reading of this controversial document.


What led up to the events of May 20, 1775?


Photo & memorabilia collection from past Meck Dec celebrations


Links to the articles and documents appearing throughout this site


  • Signers' Biographies:

Abraham Alexander

Adam Alexander

Charles Alexander

Ezra Alexander

Hezekiah Alexander

John McKnitt Alexander

Waightstill Avery

Hezekiah Balch

Richard Barry

Ephraim Brevard

John Davidson

Henry Downs

John Flennekin

John Foard

William Graham

James Harris

Richard Harris

Robert Irwin

William Kennon

Matthew McClure

Neill Morrison

Duncan Ochiltree

Benjamin Patton

John Phifer

Thomas Polk

John Queary

David Reese

Zaccheus Wilson

Meet the varied group known as the “Mecklenburg signers.”

  • Documents about People & Families Associated with the Meck Dec:
  • Alexander, Charles - Mecklenburg Co., NC; Will Book A, pp. 43 - 44
  • Alexander, Ezra - Mecklenburg Co., NC; Will Book A, p. 19
  • Alexander, Hezekiah - Mecklenburg Co., NC; Deed Book 1, pp. 441, 442, 443
  • Alexander, Hezekiah - Mecklenburg Co., NC; Will Book A, pp. 20, 21, 22, 23
  • Alexander, John McKnitt - Mecklenburg Co., NC; Will Book A, pp. 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59
  • Alexander, Mary, (wife of Hezekiah) - Mecklenburg Co., NC; Will Book A, pp. 47-48
  • Craighead, Rev. Alexander - Mecklenburg Co., NC; Deed Book 1, pp. 466-467
  • Downs, Henry - Mecklenburg Co., NC; Will Book C, p. 22
  • McClure (McLure), Matthew - Mecklenburg Co., NC; Deed Book 1, pp. 190, 191
  • McClure, Matthew - Mecklenburg Co., NC; Will Book E, pp. 4, 5, 6
  • Reese, David - Mecklenburg, Co., NC; Original Will, pp. 1, 2, 3, 4