Book Two

  • 14. Mecklenburg Towns and Villages

    AMONG the provision of the Mecklenburg Resolves of May 31, 1775 it was stipulated that the inhabitants form themselves into nine companies and "chuse" two freeholders from each who would act as selectmen to govern the county. With some unimportant changes, this form of government existed until the Civil War. Following the war, the county was divided into fifteen townships. Later, five towns were incorporated and many villages and communities established.

  • 13. Charlotte in Time of War

    THE battle of Charlotte is given scant attention in general histories of the Revolution, but the battle marked the turning point in the fortunes of the British. Never thereafter did the enemy wage a very successful offensive. Unlike the Mecklenburg declaration of independence, about which some have had doubts, no serious question has arisen about Charlotte's part in the Revolution.

  • 12. Cultural Interests

    IN many respects Charlotte differs very little from other Southern cities. Hence, little or no attempt will be made to describe the clothes worn by Charlotte men and women for various periods, nor the furniture in their homes. Clothing and furniture styles were very much the same throughout the Southern states. Observance of social amenities were uniform with those of other cities. Likewise, there was little or no difference between architectural styles locally and elsewhere.

  • 11. Home Life and Recreation

    THE first Mecklenburgers, according to historian D. A. Tompkins, "were producers. They believed than any work, so it was faithfully and honestly done, was worth doing, and that manhood was more than wealth. Mecklenburg could have existed comfortably cut off from the rest of the world. That makes a people feel independent . . .

  • 10. Organizations: Civic, Social, Patriotic, Miscellaneous

    WITH so much evidence, as has been presented, of Charlotte's solidarity in all matters pertaining to the general good, it is no wonder that fraternal, welfare, civic, social, and patriotic groups which sprang into being in the twentieth century found in the city a receptive spirit. Such organizations are so plentiful today it is hard to realize that they are of relatively recent growth. Histories and old city directories hardly mention them.
    These groups are important because of the tremendous impact they have made on all phases of the city's life.

  • 9. Health and Welfare

    EVER since Dr. Ephraim Brevard assisted in writing the resolutions which were unanimously adopted as the Mecklenburg declaration of independence, physicians have taken the initiative in maintaining a high state of health and happiness in Charlotte and vicinity. The active lists of members and officers of Charlotte, churches, civic clubs, welfare organizations, and country clubs for any period includes a high percentage of doctors and dentists. In his very readable History of Mecklenburg County Medicine(1929) Dr. C. M.

  • 8. Business and Finance

    BY 1960, so many people had been attracted to the Piedmont section of North Carolina that the area within a 75 mile radius of Charlotte had a larger population than an equal area around Atlanta or other southern cities several times the size of Charlotte. As the center of this rich trading territory, Charlotte necessarily became "the crossroads of the Carolinas."

  • 7. Industry and Commerce

    THE discovery of gold in Piedmont Carolina began the first of three important epochs which differentiated the industrial history of Charlotte from neighboring communities. For it was gold, the selection of Charlotte as a railroad junction, and the building of a network of converging highways which made Charlotte great.
    During the first half of the nineteenth century, Charlotte was the gold-mining center of the United States. The official figures for domestic sources of gold in the United States for the 50 year period prior to 1848, are:

  • 6. Communication and Transportation

    Postal Service in Charlotte

    THE earliest postal service to Charlotte, provided by traders and travelers, was highly erratic and expensive. Julia McNinch Slear, writing in the Charlotte Observer on November 25, 1934, pointed out that it was scarcely better than that reported before the beginning of the Christian era in the Books of Job, Esther, and Jeremiah.

  • 5. Education

    IN HIS History of Mecklenburg County and the City of Charlotte, D. A. Tompkins gives biographical sketches of eighty men who were prominent in Mecklenburg during and shortly after the Revolution. The most frequent phrase in these sketches is, "he was educated at . . . ," and among the eighty, four were graduates of the College of New Jersey, later Princeton University.

  • 4. Churches

    FROM its earliest beginning, Mecklenburg has attracted a churchgoing people, and its society has long been church-centered. But even so, the growth of Charlotte's religious groups in more recent years is remarkable.

  • 3. City Government in Charlotte

    SINCE its birth two hundred years ago the crossroads village that was once known as Charlottetown or Charlotteburg has grown into the largest city in the Carolinas and one of the most important industrial and distribution centers in the nation. One of the distinctive features of this growth has been the thoroughness with which newcomers have been assimilated. An observant writer once said: "One adopts Charlotte ways or one does not, in which latter event, one soon moves on." And many did, both native born and newcomers.

  • 2. Mecklenburg County

    MOST authorities on the earliest known facts about Mecklenburg County rely on Lawson's History of North Carolina, by John Lawson (1714) and on A Journey to the Land of Eden, by William Byrd, written about 1733 but unpublished until 1841. Of the two, Lawson's book is the most enlightening as to the immediate vicinity of Mecklenburg County.

  • 1. Early Settlers

    IN America there were centuries of frontiers. The Piedmont frontier of the Carolinas was first described by an explorer sent out, in 1670, by Governor Berkeley of Virginia. To this traveler, John Lederer, belongs the credit for opening the trading path used later by the colonists of Virginia for trading with the Indians of the Carolinas. Originally known as the Occoneechee Trail, the Catawba Trading Path became, in the first phase of exploration and settlement, the most important route through the Piedmont.

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